This~ Popular concepts ~


There is always one chapter for the this keyword in every JavaScript book or course. I feel that the community has pushed the language to more functional paradigms in the last couple of years. We are not using the this keyword so much. And I bet it still confuses people because its meaning is different based on the context. So, let's start with a few examples where this refers to the global scope:

function A() {
  console.log(this); // this = global object (window)
const B = () => console.log(this); // this = global object (window)
const C = {
  method: () => console.log(this), // this = global object (window)

We call the functions without having a concrete context in all these cases. That is why the global scope is picked. (Here we have to mention that in strict mode, this will be equal to undefined)

We have context when the function is part of a class or an object. Then this points to the specific object or instance of the class.

class D {
  run() {
    console.log(this); // this = instance of the class

const E = {
  method() {
    console.log(this); // this = the constant E itself

function F() {
  console.log(this); // this = an instance of the F prototype
new F();

JavaScript also offers the ability to set the scope manually. The first argument of apply, and call becomes this of the function.

const foo = { id: 'foo' };
function G() {
  console.log(this); // this = foo

We can use the bind method if we don't want to call the function but define its this. We will talk about this API in the next chapters.

function H() {
const HFunc = H.bind({ name: 'foobar'});
HFunc(); // foobar