Reducers~ Popular concepts ~


Now when we know what a state machine is, we can talk about reducers. That term became popular around the Redux library, where it is the main actor. The reducer looks a lot like a state machine. By definition, the reducer is a function that accepts the current state and an action and returns a new state.

let state = 0;
const actions = [
  'INC', 'INC', 'FOO', 'DEC', 'INC'

function reducer(accumulatedValue, action) {
  if (action === 'INC') { return accumulatedValue + 1; }
  if (action === "DEC") { return accumulatedValue - 1; }
  return accumulatedValue;
actions.forEach(action => {
  state = reducer(state, action);
console.log(state); // 2

We don't have that restrictive model used in a state machine, but some similarities exist. The reducer chooses the next state based on its current value and the incoming action.

The concept of reducers touches on another interesting topic - immutability. In libraries like Redux, it is one of the main ideas. State management where we generate a new state after each change instead of amending the current one. Think about how we have an object with key-value pairs, and instead of updating the values, we create the whole object again. Maybe this sounds like a bad idea, but in fact, it works well.