Factory pattern~ Design patterns ~

Factory pattern

Like a singleton, the factory pattern falls into the category of creational patterns. Those are patterns that are focused on the initialization of the objects. In JavaScript, this could be a function that receives dependencies and returns the desired instance.

function vehicleFactory(engine) {
  return (type) => {
    switch(type) {
      case 'car': return new Car(engine);
      case 'track': return new Track(engine);
    throw new Error(`Unrecognized type ${type}`);
function Car(engine) { this.what = 'car'; }
function Track(engine) { this.what = 'track'; }
const engine = { vroom: true };
const factory = vehicleFactory(engine);
const A = factory('car');
const B = factory('track');
console.log(A.what, B.what); // car track

We use the factory pattern when we are unsure what kind of objects we need. Often this information comes at runtime. That is why the factories usually hold a switch logic.